Edward Goodman Africa - North America

On the MOVE! My name is Edward (Goodman)
Africa. I was born in Philadelphia and raised in
a Christian home by both parents-I’m one of six
children. I grew up in the streets of Phila.,
began drinking at the young age of fourteen
and went on to drugs (marijuana, speed, pills,
and heroin). All by the age of fifteen. I went to
jail for the first time in 1963 at the age of
sixteen for “receiving stolen goods.” I got out of
jail in 1967, but went back every summer after
that. I started looking for something Black as I
started to believe that all whites were evil. I
supported the Black Panthers, the B.L.A. and
finally joined the group known as the “Black
Muslims.”

I was still involved in street life: stealing, drugs,
parties, women, etc…Most of my arrests were
between 1967-1973 (when I joined MOVE)
were based on getting stopped by cops for
nothing and refusing to be searched while
being slammed against a car. When I
complained, I got roughed up and when I
resisted I’d get beat more. Of course I’d end up
getting charged with assault and resisting
arrest.

As I learned more about this particular Muslim
group, I thought I had answers, but I still felt
unsatisfied and the racism in me grew. About
this time, one of my brothers and my cousin
came to visit me in jail. They began telling me
of the MOVE Organization, but I refused to
listen because MOVE had white members.

-2-

I went back and forth with them until finally I
had no choice but to admit that what they said
was right, I couldn’t deny their understanding.
I began to work with MOVE because what
they were giving me was more complete than
anything I had ever known. I am now a
committed MOVE member, a disciple of JOHN
AFRICA, LONG LIVE JOHN AFRICA!

My last arrest was on August 8, 1978, I’m one
of the MOVE 9. We were each wrongly
convicted of murder, assault and conspiracy
by the late Judge Edwin S. Malmed and each
sentenced to 30-100 years in prison. As of
August 8, 2003 we will have served 25 years
of that of that outrageous sentence, despite
our innocence and despite our appeals. I
have four grown children that I left as babies
in 1978. I have several grandchildren that I
have never been with except briefly on a
prison visit. This applies to other members of
the MOVE 9 as well. In closing I want to say
that I had not intentions of becoming a
revolutionary, this system encouraged me,
pushed me to become a revolutionary, JOHN
AFRICA provided the direction.

EDWARD GOODMAN AFRICA
SCI Mahoney
#AM-4974
301 Morea Road
Frackville, PA 17932

Janine Phillips Africa - North America

On the MOVE! I’m Janine Africa, Minister of
Education for the MOVE Organization. I’ve been
in MOVE since 1973. I’m one of the MOVE
Nine. We all were sentenced to 30-100 years
for a crime we didn’t commit. This system gave
us these life sentences to try to stop MOVE.
Since they didn’t kill us when they attacked us
August 8th, 1978, they figured they could stop
MOVE by putting us in prison for the rest of our
lives. But just like this system’s guns, bombs,
police, tear gas, deluge guns haven’t stopped
MOVE people from being committed to our
belief, to JOHN AFRICA’s Teaching, neither will
this system’s prisons. If I have to be in prison for
the rest of my life, I will still stay committed to
JOHN AFRICA’s Teaching because of all JOHN
AFRICA is doing for me.

I met MOVE people when I was 17 years old.
They were having a demonstration and I just
happened to be passing by. I stopped to see
what was going on, I listened to them speak
and what really caught my attention was the
strength, confidence and assertiveness of the
MOVE women. They were everything I wasn’t
and all I could think about was that I wanted to
be like them. After the demonstration I
approached some of the MOVE women and
asked who they were. They told me they were
the MOVE Organization and explained to me
what the organization’s belief is. They invited
me to come to their weekly study sessions they
held to teach people about JOHN AFRICA’s
Teaching. I started going to these study
sessions regularly and listening to the
information from MOVE’s Guidelines

-2-

and I could hear that what JOHN AFRICA
teach is the truth, is right. JOHN AFRICA’s
Teaching is what I’ve been looking for
because I was just like everybody else in the
system, unhappy, riddled with problems, and
desperately looking elsewhere for the solution
to these problems. My search stopped with
JOHN AFRICA.

I had a baby and got married when I was very
young. I didn’t know how to be a mother or a
wife and trying to be both was driving me to a
nervous breakdown. I developed a condition
where my throat would close up on me and I
couldn’t eat. I went from doctor to doctor,
hospital to hospital and none of them could do
anything for me. I was at the end of my rope
until I met MOVE. I joined MOVE and started
living JOHN AFRICA’s Teaching. JOHN
AFRICA cured the condition with my throat
and made me a good loving mother and wife,
and made me a loyal sister to my MOVE
family. JOHN AFRICA gave me strength,
health,
security and confidence that I’ve never had!
LONG LIVE JOHN AFRICA FOREVER!

I will never leave MOVE and give up all that
JOHN AFRICA as given me, even if it means
being in prison for 30-100 years!

JANINE PHILLIPS AFRICA
#OO-6309
451 Fullerton Ave
Cambridge Springs, PA
16403-1238

Joseph "joe-joe" Bowen - North America

“Joe-Joe” Bowen is a Black Liberation Army
(BLA) Prisoner of War, serving two life
sentences for the assassination of a prison
warden and deputy warden, as well as an
attempted prison break which resulted in a five-
day standoff.
A native of Philadelphia, Joe-Joe was a young
member of the “30th and Norris Street” gang,
before his incarceration politicized him.
Released in 1971, his outside activism was cut
short a week following his release when Joe-
Joe was confronted by an officer of the
notoriously brutal Philadelphia police
department. The police officer was killed in the
confrontation, and Bowen fled. After his capture
and incarceration, Bowen became a Black
Liberation Army combatant, defiant to
authorities at every turn.
Warden Assassination
In 1973, Bowen and Philadelphia Five prisoner
Fred “Muhammad Kafi” Burton assassinated
Holmesberg prison’s warden and deputy
warden as well as wounded the guard
commander in retaliation for intense repression
against Muslim prisoners in the facility.
In October 28, 1981 Joe-Joe led a mass
liberation
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attempt from the state’s largest prison at
Graterford, after arming other prisoners with
two shotguns and two revolvers. Bowen and
three others attempted to scale the prison’s
40-foot wall and were stopped by a rifle shot
from a guard tower. After returning fire they
captured three guards and retreated into the
prison kitchen where they captured three
kitchen employees and 29 inmates. Three
other inmates joined in the action.
Bowen and the six others held off the prison’s
guards, State Police and FBI for five days
until an agreement was struck. In the end, the
men were charged with assault, attempted
escape, kidnapping and one other offense.
Joe-Joe was sent to the Federal Prison in
Marion, IL where he met up with other political
prisoners and prisonersof war such as
Sundiata Acoli, Hanif Shabazz Bey and Ray
Luc Levasseur.


JOSEPH BOWEN
#AM-4272
1 Kelley Drive
Coal Township, PA 17866-1021

Janet Holloway Africa - North America

MY NAME IS JANET AFRICA. I HAVE BEEN IN
MOVE SINCE 1972. BEFORE I CAME IN
MOVE I WAS LIKE EVERYBODY ELSE IN
THIS SYSTEM, LOOKING FOR A HAPPY
CONTENT LIFE, STRIVING TO MAKE A
COMFORTABLE LIVING CONDITION FOR
MYSELF SO I COULD HAVE A GOOD LIFE.

DESPITE THE YEARS OF ME ATTEMPTING
TO DO THE THINGS SYSTEMATICALLY
REQUIRED TO ACHIEVE THIS KIND OF LIFE,
LIVING ACCORDING TO THE CUSTOMS AND
TRADITIONS THAT WERE SUPPOSED TO
AFFORD ME SOME MEASURE OF
SATISFACTION, I NEVER REACHED THAT
MEASURE OF SATISFACTION FROM THIS
SYSTEM.

I WAS BORN IN 1951 IN NEW JERSEY. MY
MOTHER WAS SINGLE. SHE WAS THE
SECOND CHILD OF 20. BOTH MY
GRANDPARENTS HAD TO WORK HARD TO
SUPPORT A FAMILY THAT SIZE, SO BEING
THE OLDEST GIRL, THE BURDEN OF
RESPONSIBILITY FOR RAISING HER
MOTHER’S CHILDREN FELL ON HER –
AFTER I WAS BORN MY MOTHER GAVE ME
TO MY AUNT TO RAISE SO I COULD HAVE A
“BETTER LIFE” THEN SHE COULD GIVE ME,
AND NOT HAVE TO GROW UP IN THE COLD
STREETS OF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY
WHERE SHE LIVED.

I GREW UP LIVING WITH MY AUNT GETTING
PRETTY MUCH WHATEVER I WANTED. WE
HAD A NICE HOUSE, SWIMMING POOL IN
THE BACKYARD, MY AUNT SENT ME TO
DANCING SCHOOL FOR DANCING
LESSONS: TAP, BALLET, AMD MODERN
JAZZ. I WAS INVOLVED IN SPORTS, WON
MEDALS, RIBBONS AND TROPHIES IN OUR
TOWN COMMERCE OLYMPICS DURING MY
ELEMENTARY YEARS. THINGS CAME
PRETTY EASY FOR ME. WHEN I WAS 11, IN
THE 6TH GRADE, MY MOTHER GOT HER
LIFE TOGETHER AND WAS ABLE TO TAKE
CARE OF ME AND GIVE ME THE KIND OF
LIFE SHE WANTED TO GIVE ME. I SPENT
THE NEXT 6 YEARS LIVING BACK AND
FORTH BETWEEN MY MOTHER AND AUNT.
MY MOTHER FELT GUILTY ABOUT HAVING
TO GIVE ME UP WHEN I WAS A BABY SO
SHE TRIED HARD TO MAKE UP FOR IT.
SHE GAVE ME ALL KINDS OF THINGS. I WAS
WELL FED, HAD NICE CLOTHES, WENT TO
GOOD SCHOOLS, HAD NICE FRIENDS

-2-

WITH GOOD PARENTS, PRETTY MUCH
THE NORMAL UP BRINGING.

AT 15 I GOT A JOB, THIS WAS TO TEACH
ME HOW TO BE RESPONSIBLE AND
RELIABLE AND REALIZE I HAD TO PAY MY
OWN WAY THROUGH LIFE. AFTER I GOT
MY DRIVER’S LICENSE, MY MOTHER
BOUGHT ME A CAR. I GRADUATED FROM
HIGH SCHOOL, I HAD TO ME TUTORED
MY LAST YEAR BECAUSE I HAD A
ULCERATED STOMACH. I WENT TO
PROMS, WENT ON DATES, I LIVED THE
TYPICAL BLACK, NEW JERSEY,
SUBURBAN LIFE, BUT I STILL WASN’T
HAPPY, AND I WASN’T CONTENT.

I ALWAYS FELT THERE WAS SOMETHING
MISSING IN MY LIFE I DIDN’T KNOW
WHAT IT WAS AND COULDN’T EXPLAIN IT
BUT INSIDE OF ME THERE WAS ALWAYS
THIS EMPTY FEELING EVEN WHEN I WAS
WITH PEOPLE I WAS CLOSE TO, I STILL,
SEEP DOWN INSIDE FELT LIKE I WAS
ALONE, THAT I DIDN’T REALLY FIT AND I
DIDN’T UNDERSTAND IT. IN MY MIND I
WAS SAYING THERE MUST BE
SOMETHING WRONG WITH ME, CAUSE
NOBODY ELSE WAS FEELING LIKE THAT,
BUT THERE WAS NOTHING I COULD DO
SO I JUST WENT THROUGH THE
MOTIONS.

AS I GOT OLDER, I STARTED GOING
FROM JOB TO JOB, LOOKING FOR THE
“RIGHT” JOB BUT NEVER SEEMING TO
FIND IT. I MOVED FREQUENTLY LOOKING
TO FIND A COMFORTABLE PLACE
WHERE I FELT SETTLED AND SECURE, I
NEVER FOUND THAT EITHER. IN 1970, I
MOVED TO PHILADELPHIA, GOT A JOB,
MET A MAN, HAD AN AVERAGE TYPE
RELATIONSHIP, GOT PREGNANT AND
HAD A BEAUTIFUL BABY GIRL. WE
BOUGHT A HOUSE IN WEST PHILLY AND
TRIED TO MAKE THINGS WORK.

I REMEMBER SITTING IN MY ROCKING
CHAIR WITH MY NEW BORN BABY IN MY
ARMS FEELING THE SAME WAY MY
MOTHER FELT, WANTING SOMETHING
BETTER FOR MY DAUGHTER, WANTING
HER TO BE SAFE, HAPPY, FREE OF THE
HURT, PAIN, DISAPPOINTMENT AND
DISILLUSION OF THIS COLD, CRUEL

-3-

PREJUDICE SYSTEM.

I DID THE ONLY THING I KNEW TO DO, I
PRAYED FOR GUIDANCE, DIRECTION, FOR
SOMETHING TO GIVE MY DAUGHTER SO
SHE COULD HAVE A GOOD LIFE. I GOT
INTO RELIGION, WHEN I SAW THE
UNGODLY BEHAVIOR, THE UNCLEAN
CONDUCT OF THOSE PEOPLE CALLING
THEMSELVES VESSELS OF GOD, PEOPLE
WHO WERE SUPPOSED TO BE
CHANNELING ME TO RIGHTEOUSNESS,
THAT LEFT ME NUMB, DEVASTATED AND
HOPELESS BECAUSE I FELT THERE WAS
NO WHERE ELSE LEFT FOR ME TO TURN, I
WAS GETTING READY TO GO BACK TO
SCHOOL, I HAD BECOME SO CALLOUS AND
MISTRUSTING OF EVERYTHING THAT
SOCIETY CLAIMED TO ME MORAL, I KEPT
SEARCHING FOR SOMETHING BUT I WASN’
T AS VULNERABLE OR AS EASILY
ACCEPTING LIKE I’D BEEN BEFORE
BECAUSE I WASN’T GOING TO GET BURNT
AGAIN, WASN’T GOING TO PUT MYSELF IN
A POSITION TO BE DECEIVED, MISLEAD
AND HURT LIKE I DID BEFORE.

ONE DAY I HEARD ABOUT MOVE BY WORD
OF MOUTH, AND IT CHANGED MY LIFE
FOREVER. I WAS APPROACHED BY AN
ACQUAINTANCE AND ASKED WOULD I LIKE
TO ATTEND A MEETING, A RAP SESSION
MOVE WAS HAVING, TALKING ABOUT THE
CONDITIONS OF THE WORLD. I ATTENDED,
MOVE GUIDELINES, JOHN AFRICA’S
TEACHING WAS READ, THE INFORMATION
WAS SO CLEAR, ANALYTICAL AND
ABSOLUTE IT TOOK ME OUT. NOT ONLY
WAS IT BREAKING DOWN THIS ENTIRE
REFORM WORLD SYSTEM BUT
DESCRIPTIVELY EXPLAINING THINGS SO
PLAIN AND CLEAR, WHEN I HEARD IT IT
WAS SO UNDERSTANDABLE, SO RIGHT. IT
MADE ME FEEL FAMILIAR AND
CONNECTED TO IT. I CAN’T EVEN PUT
INTO WORDS THE FEELING I GOT
HEARING JOHN AFRICA’S TEACHING, IT
GRIPPED ME IN A WAY THAT I’VE NEVER

-4-

BEEN GRIPPED BEFORE, FOR THE FIRST
TIME IN MY LIFE I FELT LIKE THERE WAS
HOPE FOR ME, AND THERE WAS
REASONS WHY I WAS SO DETACHED,
DISSATISFIED AND UNHAPPY.

I WENT TO STUDY SESSIONS
REGULARLY AND STARTED
INCORPORATING JOHN AFRICA’S
TEACHING INTO MY LIFE, IT CLEARED
AWAY SO MUCH CONFUSION I HAD BEEN
CARRYING, MY MIND STARTED
UNTWISTING MY THOUGHTS BECAME
CLEAR. THIS REFERENCE WAS SO
CLEAR IT PUT ME IN TOUCH WITH MY
INSTINCTS.

THANKS TO JOHN AFRICA I’M TRULY
SATISFIED, SECURE AND HAVE THE LIFE I’
VE BEEN SEARCHING FOR. I AM STRONG,
LOYAL, HEALTHY, AND COMMITTED TO
FIGHT FOR ALL OF LIFE. I WOULDN’T
TRADE THAT FOR NOTHING. I CAN
TRULY SAY THAT JOHN AFRICA AND
GAVE ME MY LIFE BACK THAT THIS
SYSTEM TOOK FROM ME.

I AM A STUDENT OF JOHN AFRICA AND I’
VE BEEN TAUGHT THAT THE EXAMPLE
OF CLEAN, RIGHTEOUSNESS CAN NOT
BE FOUND IN THIS REFORM WORLD
SYSTEM AND THIS IS PROVEN IN THE
FILTH OF THIS SYSTEM’S
ENTIRE HISTORY THIS IS WHAT MOVE IS
NOW WORKING TO RID OURSELVES
FROM, AND TEACHING OTHERS TO DO
THE SAME. JOHN AFRICA HAVE THE
DIRECTION TO DIRECT PEOPLE AWAY
FROM MAN’S REFORM WORLD SYSTEM
TO NATURE, GOD, THE PERFECT
SYSTEM.

LONG LIVE JOHN AFRICA!

JANET HOLLOWAY AFRICA
#OO-6308
451 Fullerton Ave
Cambridge Springs, PA
16403-1238


Fred Burton - North America

Fred Burton is one of the Philly 5 a group of
men accused of an alleged attack on a police
station that left one officer killed. He was
sentenced to a life term for murder. Burton has
maintained his innocence since his arrest.
Prior to his incarceration, Fred worked for a
phone company, was a well-respected member
of his community and his wife was preparing to
have twins, his third and fourth child.


AF 3896
SCI Somerset
1590 Walters Mill Rd
Somerset, PA 15510