Fernando González - North America

(NOTE: the envelope should be addressed to
“Rubén Campa,” but address the letter inside to

Fernando González Llort is part of the Cuban Five
and was sentenced to 19 years in prison.

He was born in Havana on August 18, 1963. In
1981 he graduated with high honors from high
school in the Island of Youth. In 1987 he graduated
magna cum laude with a degree in International
Political Relations under the Ministry of Superior
Education and received a Gold Diploma. While in
school, González had various leadership roles in
the Federation of University Students (FEU). He
participated in the promotion of cultural events and
in theater festivals. From 1987 to 1989, González
served as part of the internationalist Cuban brigade
that fought to preserve Angola’s independence
against the invading South African apartheid
regime. He was awarded a medal of honor for
bravery. González is married to Rosa Aurora
Freijanes Coca. He is sentenced to 19 years and is
in F.C.I. Oxford, Wisconsin.

Rubén Campa
P.O. BOX 33

Mohammad El-Mezain - North America

Mohammad El-Mezain is part of the Holy Land
Five, Muslim activists targeted during the Bush
Administration in their attack on Muslim
activists after September 11th. You can learn
more about the campaign to free the five at

P.O. BOX 33

Oscar Lopez Rivera - North America

Oscar Lopez Rivera is a Puerto Rican
Independista and political prisoner serving 70
years for seditious conspiracy. He is the only
remaining Independista remaining behind bars,
the other eleven were granted clemency by
President Clinton. The National Boricua Human
Rights Network is actively working for his release
at his upcoming parole hearing in January 2011.
Join the campaign to free Oscar at
Personal Background

Oscar López Rivera was born in San Sebastián,
Puerto Rico on January 6, 1943. His family moved
to the U.S. when he was nine years old. At the
age of 14, he moved to Chicago to live with a
sister. At age 18 he was drafted into the army and
served in Viet Nam and awarded the Bronze Star.
When he returned to Illinois from the war in 1967,
he found that drugs, unemployment, housing,
health care and education in the Puerto Rican
community had reached dire levels and set to
work in community organizations to improve the
quality of life for his people.

He was a well-respected community activist and
an independence leader for many years prior to
his arrest. Oscar worked in the creation of both
the Puerto Rican High School and the Puerto
Rican Cultural Center. He was also involved in the
struggle for bilingual education in public schools
students, staff, and faculty. He worked on ending
discrimination in public utilities like Illinois Bell,


People’s Gas, and Commonwealth Edison.

Cancel Miranda High School, now known as the
Dr. Pedro Albizu Campos High School and the
Juan Antonio Corretjer Puerto Rican Cultural
Center. He was a community organizer for the
Northwest Community Organization (NCO),
ASSPA, ASPIRA and the 1st Congregational
Church of Chicago. He helped to found FREE, a
half-way house for convicted drug addicts, and
ALAS, an educational program for Latino
prisoners at Stateville Prison in Illinois.
Legal Case

In 1975, Oscar was forced underground, along
with other comrades. The FBI claimed that he
was one of the leaders of the Fuerzas Armadas
de Liberación Nacional (FALN), a Puerto Rican
nationalist clandestine group that fought for the
independence of Puerto Rico. Oscar has neither
confirmed nor denied his involvement in FALN
and out of principle has refused to denounce
armed struggle as a legitimate means to gaining

On May 29, 1981 Oscar was captured in
Chicago after five years underground. Oscar
was found guilty on five counts involving
seditious conspiracy, armed robbery, weapons
violations and interstate transporation of stolen
propert. He was sentenced to 55 years in prison.

Political Prisoner Status


At the time of their arrest Lopez Rivera and the
others declared themselves to be combatants in an
anti-colonial war against the United States to
liberate Puerto Rico from U.S. domination and
invoked prisoner of war status. They argued that
the U.S. courts did not have jurisdiction to try them
as criminals and petitioned for their cases to be
handed over to an international court that would
determine their status. The U.S. Government,
however, did not recognize their request.

The sentences received by Lopez Rivera and the
other Nationalists were judged to be “out of
proportion to the nationalists’ offenses.” Statistics
showed their sentences were almost 20 times
greater than sentences for similar offenses by the
American population at large.

For many years, numerous national and
international organizations criticized Lopez Rivera’
incarceration categorizing it as political
imprisonment. His disproporionate sentence, the
targeting of him and others by the FBI beforehand,
the nebulous charges of conspiracy, the political
nature of the charges made against Oscar, and the
intentional isolation and long-term confinement he
has endured all make it clear that Oscar Lopez
Rivera is not simply a prisoner, but a political

Life in Prison

From the moment Oscar was sentenced, he has
spent his time in long-term solitary confinement in
high security prisons far away from his family and
support network. Amnesty International and the
House of Representatives’ Subcommittee on
Courts, Intellectual Property and the Administration
of Justice both criticized the conditions. The
conditions were found to be in violation of the U.N.
Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of
Prisoners. A federal judge also addressed his
concerns in the case of Baraldine vs. Meese.

Attempted Prison Escape

In 1988, he was convicted of conspiracy to
escape along with Jaime Delgado (a veteran
independence leader), Dora Garcia (a prominent
community activist), and Kojo Bomani Sababu (a
New Afrikan Prisoner of War). He was given
another 15 years for the attempted escape.

From 1986 to 1999 Oscar was held in the most
maximum security prisons in the federal prison
system, first in Marion and then the Administrative
Maximum Unit at Florence, CO.

In Marion he refused to work for the federal
prison industry, UNICOR, because the work
involved producing coaxial cables for the military.
He also helped launch a successful phone
campaign from supporters to get guards at
Florence to stop nightly rounds that were
intentionally waking prisoners every 30 minutes,
preventing them from sleeping through the night.

President Clinton Offers Clemency

In 1999, President Clinton offered clemency to
eleven Puerto Rican political prisoners and a
reduced sentence to Oscar. He refused the offer
because in part of the agreement Rivera would
have had to renounce armed struggle as a
legitimate form of gaining independence for
Puerto Rico.

Oscar’s Upcoming Parole Hearing

Oscar remains the last of the Puerto Rican
nationalists in this case to remain in prison. Now
67, and just having lost his sister, the efforts for
Oscar to be released on parole at his next
hearing have been stepped up. The National
Boricua Human Rights Network is gathering as
many petition signatures and letters of support as
possible in the lead up to the hearing.

Terre Haute FCI
P.O. Box 33
Terre Haute, IN 47808