|Sponsored by the Collective Black People Movement (CBPM)
Courses Offered for free here at the CBPM Website include:
1. Blacks in the City - A look at the movement of Black People's struggle for freedom in the United States
of America from Reconstruction to the Civil Rights Movement. (See Below: Lessons 1, 2, 3, & 4, 5 click here)
2. African Revolution - A look at some of the countries in Africa that had to use armed struggle to
gain their independence from their Colonizer. (Starts November 3rd, 2008)
3. Caribbean Studies - A look at the history of African People in the Caribbean from slavery to the present.
4. Slavery in the United States - A look of the history of Black (African) People during slavery.
5. More to Come...
|African History is the history of Black
(African) People from all over the world.
|Introduction to Blacks in the City:
|Blacks in the City is a class offered at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook, by the
African Studies Department. Professor Amiri Baraka (Brother Leroy Jones) was the department Chair
and also taught the course "Blacks in the City", a look at the struggles of Black People in the United
States from reconstruction (1865) to the Civil Rights Movement (1960's).
The class is now available here at the Collective Black People Movement (CBPM) website because a
member of the CBPM brought their University notes to the Collective to share with our people.
CBPM encourages Black People to take good notes in school and to bring this information back to the
community to spread the knowledge. In this way, the cost to educate one individual from the community
can educate all in the community who has interest.
|Lesson 1: "Blacks in the City"
Original Lesson Date 8-28-84:
Reading Materials (Books & Literature) for Class:
1. "From Plantation to Ghetto": Chapters 3-6
2. "Pre-Civil War Black Nationalism" by Bill McAdoo: Read All
3. On Sociology and the Black Community: Section 2
a. The Philadelphia Negro
b. Black North 1901
4. "Black Manhattan" by James Weldon Johnson: Chapters 1,
6, 12, 13, 18, & 19
5. Xerox Information will also be available here at the
Collective Black People Movement (CBPM) website.
Outline of Discussion Topics of Class
The following are the notes taken in day one of class:
* Africa - Source
* Blacks came to America during the slave trade.
* Early form of Slavery was pre-communalism where
everybody worked together.
* Africans was one group of people who came to America
against their will.
* Most Europeans came here as indentured servants.
* The difference was that after 7-14 years the indentured servants were free.
* The Africans were in-slaved in perpetual servitude, which means forever.
Tobacco Rebellion Multi-National Rebellions
* 1800: Gabriel Prosser - led rebellion in Virginia.
* 50,000,000 Africans came here said Dubois.
* There is a railroad built by Africans under the Atlantic Ocean from their bodies, the sick
ones, and those who jumped overboard.
* All Africa was conquered and divided up by the Europeans, except Ethiopia and Liberia.
* Liberia was a colony of the United States of America.
* Ethiopia remained independent after Menelik II and the Ethiopians defeated the Italians
during 1896 - "Battle of Adowa", to remain the only independent African territory on
* The slave trade decimated (destroyed) African's Family, Society, and Social System.
* Africans enslaved themselves, (much different from the type of slavery in the west)
* Tribes is a Nation of People
* There is no such thing as Modern Europe or America or the Industrial Revolution without
the enslavement of African People.
|Lesson 2: "Blacks in the City"
Original Lesson Date 8-30-84:
The following are the notes taken in day two of class:
* 18 Century, laws were passed to make a distinction between indentured servants and slaves.
* Cast and Class system - today you are born into a class and have the identity of the lower
class, but you have a chance to move up.
* Slavery enforced a class system of lower group of people.
* Slave Trade (Triangular) - is the
beginning of all world trade.
* 1915 Negro was written as a defence to
justify the use of negros in the Industrial
* End of 19th Century, Berlin Conference
divides up all of Africa.
* The separation between indentured
servants and Africans that were in-slaved
started the racial conflict.
* In the west, different from Africa, Africans
are always classified as slaves.
* 90% of blacks in America live in Ghettos
* Most Black People in the U.S. live in
* 60% live in the south, 8 out of 10 were
* Ghetto - Blacks have no choice to live
there and they can't get out.
* Africans who came to the west came
from many different nationalities (tribes)
and spoke many different languages.
* Between the 17th - 19th century, blacks
lost part contact with Africa, but not full
disconnection of Africa.
* You had a coming together of Africans to form a new nationality of African-Americans.
* 17th -19th century is a period of transition.
* Slavery is the most destructive process of humanity that ever existed.
* The purpose of the slave was to do agricultural work.
* 18th Century - Revolutionary War
* Patrick Henry - "Give me liberty of give me death"
* Paul Revere - use to organize revolutionary parties.
* Slaves were promised by the British that if they fought against George Washington that
they will be set free.
* It was thought in the 18th century that slavery would die out.
* When the U.S. Constitution was being written, blacks were considered chattel (property).
* For tax purposes and voting, slaves were 3/5 of a person.
* In the 19th century, the invention of the Cotton Gin produced a greater demand for cotton,
so there was a need for more slaves and slavery became worse.
* For a long time the slave masters dominated the United States.
* Cotton Gin became an International commodity and had a demand worldwide.
* The free Blacks who had a little freedom got it taken away from them.
* The resistance of Africans that were enslaved grew stronger too.
* After Nat Turner, 1830's, the suppressiveness of slaves grew worse.
* In the northern cities, was the beginning of the Black Convention Movements, ideological
* Underground Railroad - led by Harriet Tubman
* Slave Narrative - led by Fredrick Douglass.
|Lesson 3: "Blacks in the City"
Original Lesson Date 9-4-84:
The following are the notes taken in day three of class:
* Two kinds of Slavery:
a. Early Slavery - People were attached to the land, Fuedal, some were house servants.
b. Later Slavery - Started with the invention of the Cotton Gin.
* This changes the house slaves to a capitalism slavery
* Now they are chattel slaves in which they had a job producing goods for a International
Market and also playing the role of a slave at the same time.
* 19th Century - Slavery is capitalism slavery.
* Chattel - owning a person like property.
* There was no laws against the brutality of the slaves.
* 19th Century - Slavery gets sufisticated.
* Forms of Resistance:
a. Black Conventions
c. Slave Naritives
d. Slave Rebellions
e. Poisoning livestock, Poisoning Water, Spit in Food, Underground Railroad
* Slaves who led Slave Rebellions: Gabriel Processor(? on spelling), Denmark Vesse, Nat
Turner. All three were turned in by blacks.
* Everyday there was slave rebellions.
* Underground Railroad - Led by Hariett Tubman, known as General Moses (escaping)
* Two social system fighting against each other.
a. In the south the slavocrats, big land owners, plantation owners, they controlled the
politics in the south.
b. In the north was the Industrialist and Bankers on Wall Street which was a big plantation.
* The south had the good leaders and the support of the English.
* The north had the support of the people and the machine factories.
* In the constitution, Blacks were 3/5 of a person.
* Looking at the Civil War, you can tell why America is as it is today.
* 1780's - U.S. Constitution
* 1850's Dread Scott case, Supreme Court case with Justice Taney. Abolitionist tried to sue
for Dred Scott's freedom. Because Dred Scott came to a free state with his master and he did
not want to go back, Justice Taney's ruling said that Blacks have no right.
* Civil War - was over who would run the country, the economics, and the politics.
* For the south, it was a war of independence.
* The south was the aggressors and they wanted to extend slavery to the west.
* Small farmers fought the war for the south.
* The white workers, small store keepers, and slaves fought the war for the north.
* Black Oppression put a weight on the country to have blacks here.
* White Supremacy started from them telling whites that they get higher pay from that of
Blacks, Latins, and Indians because they are better. They do this to divide the people.
* Most of the people on Welfare is Whites.
* First large Black Community in Greenich Village, lower Manhattan, New York.
* New York City - The headquarters to the resistance of slavery.
* Slavocrats tried to convince the people (Irish) not to join the war.
* Irish had riots where they killed a lot of Blacks. The Irish were the lower class (of whites)
and they were told that they were fighting the war for the Blacks.
* The Industrialist and the Bankers are the only ones who benefited from the end of
the Civil War.
* Good Ship Jesus - was one of the first ships to be
involved in the Slave Trade out of Manchester Port, England,
led by Sir John Hawkins. (For more information click here.)
* The emblem of the Good Ship Jesus was a picture of a
white man's foot stepping on a Black man's head.
|Another Day in a students life, there will be
another lesson. Stay tuned to what the student
learns on day four in the African History Classes,
"Blacks in the City", offered by the CBPM.
|Have Your Own Interactive Web Page Online, TOMORROW!, through CBPM...
only $1 a day. Call 404-HIP-JAZZ
|If a 1000 Black People come together and put 27 cents a day into a
collective account, after 1 year we would have generated $98,550.
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|Lesson #4 & 5: Click Here
|CBPM Member Businesses Pages
|Visit Professor Amiri Baraka's website: www.amiribaraka.com
|CBPM Member Pages Enter
Here: please support those who make
the collective possible:
1 Diamond Coaching, Inc - Life/Spiritual
A Different Touch - Special Event Planing
Aboriginal Blim Blam - Vending
Afreeka Live - Reconnecting the Black Family
Africa For the Africans - Tours to Africa
Africa Prepare - Africa is on the Move
African Child - Hardi Business Center
African Community Center for Unity and
- Self-Determination - Functional Unity
Afrikan Family Resurrection
Africon Blood Newsletter
Agape Auto Sales - Used Cars
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Akachi - African Jewelry and Leather Works
Akinade Wire Artist & Spiritual Readings
Alpha Blacks - Singer, Jamaica
Apparal Ism Live - Art News, Fashion, &
ASAP - A Safe Passage
Atlanta Division 421 -UNIA-ACL
AZ WaterFront Oasis - Vacation Destination
Basit - Good People Connect
Best Indep. Nation. - Networking Ind. Bus.
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B.I.G. Nel - Hip Hop
Bigg Belly Records - Record Label
Black Busines Builders
Black Cross Nurses - Atlanta Division 421
Black Diamond - Upliftment of Minds
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Black Unity - Network
Black Unity - Page 2
Black Star Project Atlanta - Father Initiative
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Blackhandz Entertainment - Video Prod.
Blacklion - Reggae & Hip Hop Music
Blast Off - Rockets, Kites, and more...
Bomani Computer Services
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Can We Talk - E Radio Show
Capital Commercial Group
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Concerned Dads - Father Initiative
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- Mahel Safari #49
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